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T5.2: Summary of the EIA Process

The EIA process enables environmental factors to be given due weight, along with economic and/or social factors, when planning applications are being considered.  The process should be an iterative one containing several feedback loops to allow the development proposal to be refined as a result of the findings of the process.  Therefore, whilst the process of EIA follows a number of commonly accepted steps, it does not observe a strictly linear pattern. The following 7 main practical stages of the EIA process have been identified although it should be noted that these do not directly reflect the legal requirements of the regulations.  ATLAS considers that these 7 main stages should start when the project is defined and continue through to the delivery of agreed mitigation and possible ongoing monitoring, as illustrated in the following diagram.

T3.2 Summary of the EIA Process

There is a multitude of good practice and guidance on the EIA process and carrying out project specific EIA as part of an application for planning permission.  The formal requirements for EIA under the statutory procedures are explained in detail in DETR ‘Circular 02/99:  Environmental Impact Assessment’ and the accompanying DETR  ‘Environmental Impact Assessment: Guide to Procedures’.  These documents, together with the 2010 Consultation on draft regulations and the IEMA Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment (2004) should be a starting reference point for anyone involved in projects potentially requiring EIA. 

Last Updated on Monday 18/04/2011 - 09:05AM

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Advisory Team for Large Applications (ATLAS), 2017